Countries in this report are given detailed narratives which provide an overview of that countries current anti-trafficking laws, law enforcement efforts, human trafficking prevention methods, victim protection procedures, current tier ranking, and recommendations going forward. It is important to note, that according to the report, there are three special case countries which have not received rankings. These countries, Libya, Somalia, and Yemen, were seen as being unable to develop government policies and practices to combat human trafficking due to the severity of civil unrest, humanitarian disasters, and instability which effected their ability to govern altogether.
2019 saw a rise in the identification of human trafficking victims as well as a rise in offender prosecutions and convictions. According to the 20th edition report, countries should focus on the following issues in their fight against human trafficking: ending state-sponsored forced labor; increasing “labor trafficking prosecutions”; repealing “laws that require force, fraud, or coercion for child sex trafficking”; and ending victim penalties “for unlawful acts their traffickers compel them to commit.”
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Author: Victoria Vanderzielfultz